Chardonnay – R. Young clone on 101-14
Sauvignon blanc – clones 1, musque on 1616C
Viognier – clones 1, 642 on 1616C
Cabernet – clones 4,7,191,337 on 5BB, 5C, 110R
Cabernet sauvignon is the most well-known red winegrape of many countries around the world and is well known for its Bordeaux origins and New World Meritage blends with Merlot, Malbec, Petite verdot, Cabernet franc and others. Structured with a “firmer” core of tannins than Merlot, the aroma and flavors can range from black fruits and cassis to green vegetables and spices.
Cabernet sauvignon is a Vitis vinifera grape varietal with small tough-skinned berries that hangs in a loose cluster. Able to withstand late rains well, this variety gains flavor and complexity with long, moderate hang times. Descended as a cross between Sauvignon blanc and Cabernet franc, these grapes need good sun exposure to bring out the best, complex fruity characters. One of the last varieties to bloom in Spring, Cabernet rarely suffers any frost damage.
Merlot – clone 3 on 5C, 110R, St. George
Merlot is a softer version of Cabernet, with berry aroma and flavors around a “softer” core of tannins. Early ripening, this grape can stand alone as a fruity, soft red wine or act as a blending grape with other Meritage varietals. Merlot is thought to be descended from Cabernet franc and a sibling of Cabernet sauvignon. One of the earliest varieties to bloom in Spring, Merlot is susceptible to frost damage. Bunches are typically loose like Cabernet and can withstand some late rains.
Malbec – clone 9 on 1616C
Petit verdot – clone 400 on 1616C
Zinfandel – old vines
Zinfandel originates from a small area in Croatia where it is called “Crljenak Kastelanski”. A Vitis vinifera varietal, it produces an intensely flavored red wine that can be vinified as a lively fruity wine for drinking young or made into an intensely colored red wine that will respond well to long ageing. The flavor and aroma profiles are intensely fruity, with blackberry and raspberry notes complimented with spicy anise and pepper notes.